Seizure

last updated: October 31, 2016

Orlando Debesa

Differential Diagnosis

Vascular: Stroke, Post Stroke, AV Malformations
Infection: Meningoencephalitis, Lyme disease, TB meningitis, brain abscess, HIV related, Cerebral Malaria, fever
Trauma: Brain injury
Autoimmune: SLE, CNS Vasculitits
Metabolic: Hepatic Encephalopathy, Uremia, Hypoglycemia, Low Na, Ca, Mg, Porphyria
Idiopathic: Epilepsy
Neoplasm: Primary brain tumour, Secondaries from breast, lungs, GIT
Syndromes: Tuberous Sclerosis, Down’s syndrome, Sturge Weber syndrome Von Hippel Lindau syndrome, eclampsia
pSeudoseizures

 

Drugs Causing Seizures

Sub-therapeutic Anti-epileptic drug levels
Lithium toxicity
Tricyclic Antidepressants
Theophylline
Flucloxacillin
Ciprofloxacin
Flumezanil
Imipramine
Cocaine, Amphetamines
Drug Withdrawal: Alcohol, Benzodiazepines, Barbiturates

 

OTIS CAMPBELL

Organophosphate Toxicity

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Isoniazid or Insulin

Sympathomimetics

Cocaine or Camphor

Amphetamines

Methyl-Xanthines (Theophylline, Caffeine)

Phencyclidine (PCP), propoxyphene, phenol, Propranolol

Benzodiazepine Withdrawal or Botanicals

Ethanol withdrawal (Alcohol Withdrawal)

Lead Poisoning or Lithium Overdose

Lidocaine or Lindane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

... but I would more especially commend the clinician who, in acute diseases, by which the bulk of mankind are cutoff, conducts the treatment better than others.
 
Hippocrates, 400 BC